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What is Hernia ?
Hernia occurs when an organ exits through the wall of the cavity where it normally sits. For eg. the intestines may break through a weakened area in the abdominal wall. Hernias are most common in the abdomen, but they can also appear in the upper thigh, belly button, and groin areas.
Common hernia types:
– Inguinal hernia
– Hiatal hernia
– Umbilical hernia
– Incisional hernia
What causes a hernia?
Hernias are caused by a combination of muscle weakness and strain. Depending on its cause, a hernia can develop quickly or over a long period of time.
Common causes of muscle weakness include:
– failure of the abdominal wall to close properly in the womb, which is a congenital defect
– chronic coughing
– damage from injury or surgery
Factors that strain your body and may cause a hernia, especially if your muscles are weak, include:
– being pregnant, which puts pressure on your abdomen
– being constipated, which causes you to strain when having a bowel movement
– heavy weight lifting
– fluid in the abdomen, or ascites
– suddenly gaining weight
– persistent coughing or sneezing
Treatment options for a hernia
Whether or not you need treatment depends on the size of your hernia and the severity of your symptoms. Your doctor may simply monitor your hernia for possible complications. Treatment options for a hernia include:
– Lifestyle changes
Preventing a hernia
You can’t always prevent the muscle weakness that allows a hernia to occur. However, you can reduce the amount of strain you place on your body. This may help you avoid a hernia or keep an existing hernia from getting worse. Prevention tips include:
– not smoking
– seeing your doctor when you’re sick to avoid developing a persistent cough
– maintaining a healthy body weight
– avoiding straining during bowel movements or urination
– lifting objects with your knees and not your back
– avoiding lifting weights that are too heavy for you
Dr. Raman Singla, Herniologist, General Surgeon, laparoscopic Surgeon at Singla Mediclinic & IVY Hospital Mohali, Punjab. He is having 20 Years of Experience and done more than 10000 Laparoscopic cholecystectomy , more than 8000 Laparoscopic hernia , more than 8000 Laparoscopic appendectomy, more than 7000 Laparoscopic hysterectomy and performed around 10000 Laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy.
Dr. Raman Singla(best laparoscopic surgeon in Mohali) says,” laparoscopic hernia surgery & repair is far better than conventional hernia surgery. In laparoscopic hernia surgery, all the sides of a hernia can be inspected while in conventional surgery only one side of a hernia is inspected. Laparoscopic hernia repair is cost effective and the recovery time is maximum one week. Laparoscopic hernia repair is cost-effective and the recovery time is maximum one week. “
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